Why Umbilical Cord Blood Banking Is Important For The Healthcare Industry

Why Umbilical Cord Blood Banking Is Important For The Healthcare Industry

Umbilical cord blood banking is a process where umbilical cord blood is preserved for future usage. Both federal and private blood banks do this for umbilical cord blood transplants for curing ailments of the blood and immune system.

How umbilical cord blood is collected

The collection of blood from the umbilical cord takes place once the umbilical cord has been severed and pulled out from the end to which the fetus is joined. The amount of collection might vary from 75+/-23 ml from the newborn baby. The entire procedure is carried out within a period of 10 minutes from the delivery. Prior to the storing of cord blood, viral testing is conducted on the blood sample.

Tests include:

  • Hepatitis B and C and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV).
  • Tissue typing is also performed on the blood sample for ascertaining the HLA (Human Leukocyte Antigen) type.

Other tests performed on the cord blood sample include the following:

  • Cell viability
  • Nucleated cell count
  • CD34 (Molecule cluster)
  • Blood group antigen (Rh and ABO)
  • Fungal and bacterial growth

Why is umbilical cord blood banking necessary?

After the successful birth or delivery of a baby, the placenta is discharged by the body of the mother. The placenta is the organ which supplies food and oxygen to the baby when it is in the womb/uterus. Till the 1970s, both the umbilical cord and the placenta were removed following deliveries without any reconsideration. At that juncture, scientists found out that the blood of umbilical cord can work as a source of similar types of blood-producing stem cells or hematopoietic cells like a bone marrow donor. As a result, the procedure of collecting and storing of umbilical cord blood commenced.

The hematopoietic stem cells of the cord blood act as producer of all types of blood cells and they are as follows:

Red blood cells (RBC) – work as a carrier of oxygen to the cellsPlatelets – necessary for coagulation or clotting of blood.

White blood cells (WBC) – assist in building immunity.

What are the advantages of umbilical cord blood banking?

1) Treatment of diseases

At present, the stem cells of the umbilical cord blood are used for curing a large number of life-endangering ailments including cancer, hereditary disorders, and blood abnormalities associated with the blood and immune system.

2) Usage in bone marrow transplantation

Cord blood has a number of advantages over the conventional method of bone marrow transplant, especially in babies. It may turn out to be a lifesaving factor in events when an appropriate bone marrow donor is not available. This is particularly beneficial because bone marrow transplant patients are serious patients who need urgent care and the transplant procedure needs to be performed within a decisive period.

3) Usage in regenerative medicine

Cord blood is also used in the field of regenerative medicine research, which is a domain where remedies for regrowing or restoring particular tissues of the human body are formulated.

4) Usage in research for curing other ailments

Stem cells from cord blood also have application in the research for curing disorders like Type 1 Diabetes, deafness, cerebrovascular accident and brain injury.

From the point of view of stem cells:

1) Secure and simple collection

Collection of stem cells from cord blood is not a risky procedure for either the mother or the infant.

2) Higher number of matches

In order to carry out a successful bone marrow transplantation, there should be an almost ideal match of particular HLA of the receiver and the donor. Siblings or family members have a higher probability of being a match. When stem cells are collected from cord blood, there is higher likelihood that the donor cells will engraft or accept in spite of the fact there is a tissue mismatch in part. So, cord blood ensures that recipients are more likely to get a suitable match.

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3) Quicker availability

A matched donor can be quickly found with the help of the countrywide cord blood and bone marrow registries.

4) Lower risk of GVHD (graft versus host disease) and infections

The risk of graft versus host disease and infections is less in case of cord blood since the stem cells of cord blood are not fully formed and don’t have the capacity to hit the recipient. According to researchers performed in 2000, the probability of occurring GVHD in cord blood transplant is 59% lower than bone marrow transplant.

Winter Weather And Injuries: What Will You Do?

Winter Weather And Injuries: What Will You Do?

Winter is a time of cold and ice, and is very unpleasant to many people; with the exception of the occasional white wonderland that children love to play in. Snow and ice can both be incredibly dangerous though, whether you are at work, play, or in the car. You must be incredibly careful in winter weather if you do not wish to become injured. Yet, injuries still occur day after day in the cold and icy season. What will you do if you become injured during the winter?

Ice and the Work Place

With ice all over the place, you could easily become injured at work. If you do, First 4 Lawyers is always there to help you with your accident at work claims. Employers and businesses are responsible for keeping their buildings and other establishments safe for not only customers but employees as well. Outdoor areas can become iced over, resulting in slips and falls. This is especially dangerous if a staircase becomes icy or snowed over. You should notify upper management in case of unkempt walkways so that they can clear them or salt them during the winter months.

Schools and Icy Sidewalks

With schools generally being funded by government agencies, it is clear that they should be kept as safe as possible for the children. You should ensure that your children are outfitted in warm winter wear, along with insulated boots with excellent traction on ice. You never know when your child might slip and fall, but you can take extra precautions to avoid it. Schools are to keep their sidewalks clear, so this does not become an issue.

However, if they fail to do so, it then becomes your decision as to whether or not to contact personal injury lawyers to obtain their opinions should your child ultimately become injured. Falling onto such a hard surface (like concrete or pavement) can cause very severe injuries, which may require extensive medical attention that you should not have to pay for.

Roadways and Freezing Precipitation

Just as with any other weather hazard, roads should definitely be avoided during winter weather. Some vehicles are equipped with tires that are made for this weather, so they can be much safer than the average vehicle. If a driver hits you during this weather because of a bad decision on their part.

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Ice and snow significantly alter the vehicle’s ability to grip the road, increasing the chances of loss of control. By attempt to break your vehicle on sheets of ice, you can ultimately lose all control of the vehicle’s direction and path on the road. When this happens, it can slide into a lane of oncoming traffic that is unable to stop. Icy weather can be fatal, especially when it comes to those who are traveling. Instead, plan your trips for another day when the roads are safer. When traveling becomes dangerous, any errand can wait until later.